When was the last time you purchased music? Not music streaming, but actually bought a physical product for money?
If you are like most consumers, it has probably been a long time since you purchased a CD. In the last decade, CD sales have fallen 80% – from 450 million units to 89 million units! Consider the lasting impact of the declining sales, not only on the record industry, but also in manufacturing. Many of today’s car companies (e.g., Tesla, Ford, Toyota) no longer even include a CD player in the car dashboard, and portable CD players are hard to find.
Even downloads of music have taken a big hit, decreasing 58% since the peak in 2012. Artists have also noted the trends; Bruce Springsteen released his latest box set exclusively on vinyl – no CD options. CDs are doing well in some markets though – in Japan, where streaming has not yet taken off, 72% of music sales were physical CDs. But look around U.S. retail stores – where are the CDs even stocked?
It’s not just streaming that has killed off the CD. Vinyl records have grown from less than a million units in 2007 to more than 14 million in 2017. Vinyl sales even hit a 25-year high last year and new vinyl record manufacturing is popping up to replace CD manufacturing.
Here are some numbers to note about music sales:
- CD sales: 712 million units in 2001, to 88.6 million units in 2017.
- Track downloads: 1.3 billion sold per year from 2011 – 2013; 555 million sold in 2017
- Song streams: 118.1 billion in 2013; 618 billion in 2017
- Vinyl: 990,000 units in 2007; 14.3 million units in 2017
How do you buy your music?
Group Activities and Discussion Questions:
- Discuss the stages in the product life cycle. What are the marketing objectives in each stage?
- Poll students: When did they last purchase music? What form was it in?
- Where did they last see CDs or vinyl music? What was the inventory level?
- Who has a CD player in their car?
- Divide students into teams. Have each team draw a product life cycle and place various products and services into each stage.
- Next, have students brainstorm on how to reposition or revise products/services to that they can move into an earlier stage of the life cycle.
Source: Knopper, S. (14 June, 2018). The end of owning music. Rolling Stone.